One of the most common and chronic disorder that is suffered by the children is Asthma and around 7.1 million of children under the age of 18 is affected by this problem and out of this total number, 4.1 million suffered from the attack of asthma in 2011.
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One of the major reason that causes serious problems to the children is secondhand smoke and it has been seen that this secondhand smoke worsens the condition of around 400,000 to 1 million children suffering from asthma.
If the treatment is not done in a proper manner then asthma can prove to be a life threatening disease. The death rate of the asthma increases with the increase in age of the person. In the year 2009, more than 3388 people died due to asthma.
For the children under the age of 15 years, asthma is the 3rd leading cause for them to get hospitalized. In the year 2009, 29% of all the asthma patients were under 15 years of age. The direct health care cost of Asthma annually is around $50.1 billion that further leads to $5.9 billion of indirect cost and this resulting in total of $56 billion.
Around 13 million of children across the globe miss their school every year due to asthma. It is also seen that the disease is more common in male children as compared to females. Exertion caused due to exercise and second hand smoke are among the major triggers of the asthma with 90% and 60% share respectively. Other triggers include exposure to dust mites, changes in the climatic conditions suddenly, pollen and pet dander.
If we consider the worst cities in US in terms of Asthma than St.Louis, Missouri will top the list followed by Milwaukee, Wisconsin and Birmingham, Alabama. Some of the other cities include Memphis, Atlanta, Little Rock, McAllen, Charlotte, Knoxville and Chattanooga.