There has seldom been more exciting times in technology. With the all-pervasive Internet bringing new technologies to the fore and sending the others into oblivion, the skills and opportunities for IT professionals also vary considerably from year to year.

Precisely the reason why we have chose to include the top job roles in its much anticipated “Top IT Job Roles” Infographic.

Some of the IT Roles in the list were of course, expected. It’s hard to ignore Big Data Scientists in 2016 in an “IT JOBS” listing, but there were some surprises, too. CRM Analysts beat other enterprise apps functional roles to make it to the list and so did Applications Architect/Technical Architect. With more and more enterprise applications moving to the cloud, the Enterprise Application Architect Roles in Technologies like AWS and Microsoft Azure.

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Without much further ado, here’s a list of the top 5 In-Demand IT Skills from the biggest global IT employers in 2016: Examples of enterprises that were considered, included HP, IBM, Accenture and Oracle:

Data Scientist: The quintessential data crunching job, Data Scientists are largely responsible for the process of collecting, cleaning, structuring and then analyzing the data for insights. Employers mostly prefer PHDs for the role and a thorough knowledge of Statistical software is required, such as SAS, R and query languages like Python and SQL. Medial Salaries are the highest for this skillset at an average of $119, 000.

Data Architect: As the name suggests, Data Architects are mainly the designers and structural consultants of dimensional databases. Data Architects are the primary engineers who deal with Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) technologies. They are also responsible for the conceptualization and visualization of data. Technical Skill requirements include NoSQL Databases (unstructured, multidimensional databases), Predictive Analytics and Data Visualization/Reporting Tools. The median salaries of Data Architects, from the Study, is $112,000 a year, the second highest in IT for 2016.

Big Data Engineer: A Big Data Engineer creates the structure and workflow of an enterprise for the storing, or warehousing of the data. Given the current velocity of user data being created globally, big data engineers are the essential structural engineers of the data, ensuring zero loss of the incoming data and high availability across the organization. The latest technology skills for a Big Data Engineer include Hadoop, MapReduce, Data Warehousing platforms such as Informatica and others. Big Data Engineers, on an average, make $110,000 a year, ranking third.

Data Modeler: A Data Modeler is different from a Data Scientist in that they discover, analyze and specify the changes or manipulation of the data as required by the enterprise. Key functions include creating an entity relationship framework for the data and creating enterprise data maps. Again, the velocity and variety of data remain one of the key challenges and as a result, a thorough understanding of dimensional databases is important. Technical Skills required by Data Modelers include SQL Coding, Database Architecture and Implementation Skills. Data Modelers rank fourth in overall earning with a median range of $102,000.

Business Intelligence Analyst: Business Intelligence is a direct beneficiary of the big data revolution. Business Intelligence Analysts and Consultants are the essential brains of the Enterprise and provide data based insights to departments and management of the companies. As a result, creativity is an important skill for them, alongside tools like Business Objects and Jasper Reports. Business Intelligence Analysts make an average of $92,000 annually.

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These were the top 5 IT job roles in the highest demand by the largest employers I 2016. For market intelligence and insights on Big Data and Analytics careers! Stay Tuned for Part 2 of this interesting research report, which has some of the biggest surprises in store!

Top In-Demand IT Skills by the world’s biggest employers

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